Saturday, February 28, 2009

Are the Print Versions of Encyclopedias Still Needed? Part 5

By Dr. Enrique T. Cayaban

This is now the fifth of the series on the above title. The ideas presented, although much have talked about reference books, digression can’t be avoided as concepts and even practices are closely interwoven. The demise of newspapers, for instance, will surely have a bearing on books and other media using papers which is also linked to the decline of readership in whatever format.

What is spreading the issue and hastening the belief on the death of the print media and libraries are the so-called harbingers of technological truth –that everything can be provided by computers and the Internet at the click of the fingers. Very recently, a promoter and sales agent of computers who was a guest in a program for parents in a prominent TV station proclaimed in high heavens that print encyclopedias are now useless because these are themselves in the Internet. What was worse was that most parents in the audience didn’t know how to run the mouse of the computer and they readily nodded their consent.
Justify Full
These harbingers of supposed technological truth should do re-examination of their passionate stand about computers and the internet. It is no longer true that at a click of a finger one can already find the information needed. Information from the internet has to be sieved very carefully or else so much time is wasted. Moreover, technology is dependent on energy; and, the energy environment and condition in the country is ghastly chaotic.

We know that computers and its services have now become more affordable these days, more useful and easier, if one knows how to intelligently use the internet. But reiterating my belief, I say, “ the printed word will never become extinct in spite of the world becoming more digital everyday. Moreover, both the printed media and their online editions will co-exist complementing each other.

Friday, February 27, 2009

PAARL Training-Workshop on March 26, 2009 at the C & E Information and Resource Center

18 February 2009

Dear Colleagues and Friends,

Warm greetings from PAARL!

Phrases like“English Speaking Zone” and “This is an English Speaking School” are commonly seen posted in strategic locations within school premises nowadays, including the library. Certainly, such institutional policy serves as a challenge for librarians to better improve their aptitude and competence in expressing their thoughts and ideas in English language.

In view of the foregoing scenario, we have conceptualized a half-day training workshop on the theme “Oral English Proficiency Skills for Librarians and Information Professionals”purposely to address the perceived professional weakness of librarians. By focusing on the theme, we specifically endeavor to:

1. Understand the importance of improving and strengthening the English proficiency skills of librarians as part of professional development;
2. Learn the correct usage of English language and methods of oral communication in the library setting;
3. Train librarians when and how to speak English with confidence particularly in dealing with library clients, faculty members, guests and school administrators; and
4. Encourage librarians to use English as a medium of instruction for a more effective delivery of library services.

The activity will be held in cooperation with CE-Logic, Inc. on March 26, 2009 (Thursday)at the newly renovated and state-of-the-art C&E Information and Resource Center located along Quezon Blvd., (beside Hi-Top Supermarket) Quezon City from 1:00-5:00 PM. There is a registration fee of P250 for non-members, P200 for members and P100 for students.

We have invited one of the country’s English language guru and trainer, Dr. Nilda R. Sunga as our Resource Speaker.

Thank you and we look forward to your continued support and participation.

Sincerely yours,

Christopher C. Paras
Vice-President/ Chair Conference Committee

Noted by:

Elvira Lapuz

Wednesday, February 25, 2009

Three Things for Daily Living

1. Three things to govern:
Temper, tongue and conduct.

2. Three things to cultivate:
Courage, affection and gentleness.

3. Three things to commend:
Thrift, industry and promptness.

4. Three things to despise:
Cruelty, arrogance and ingratitude.

5. Three things to wish for:
Health, friends and contentment.

6. Three things to admire:
Dignity, gracefulness and intellect.

7. Three things to give:
alms to the needy, comfort to the sick and
thanks to Almighty God.

Source: “Three Things for Daily Living.” In: My Travel Companion: A Prayer Book. Manila: Jesuit Philippine Province, 1999, p. 18.

Tuesday, February 24, 2009

The Marian Librarian’s Creed

By Mr. David A. Cabonero

I believe that all users...
* have the right to access information.
* can learn and want to learn through books and e-resources.
* are invited to spend their leisure time in the library.
* may visit the library to nurture their knowledge and develop their full potential.

I believe that the library...
* is responsive to the needs of the community it serves.
* is a repository of our cultural heritage.
* can empower our countrymen in nation building.

I believe that...
* in imparting information will prepare users to be a good citizen and earn an honest living.
* respect and equal opportunity be accorded to all kinds of users, irrespective of their origin, race, culture, gender, and religion.

As a librarian, I pledge to serve the library to my utmost ability, carrying out my duties and responsibilities with impartiality, abiding the law of our nation, and maintaining a proper code of conduct which will neither tarnish the name of the library nor the profession, thereby making the library a more conducive center for learning, study and research.

Sunday, February 22, 2009

Journal of Philippine Librarianship is now online

The Journal of Philippine Librarianship (JPL) is an annual peer reviewed publication of the UP SLIS that covers all aspects of library, archival and information studies.

This publication on library and information science can now be accessed under the umbrella of the University of the Philippines (U.P.) Diliman Journals Online. This is a free online service exclusively offered to U.P. Diliman journals. It aims to gather all the U.P. Diliman journals in a single repository; widen their dissemination and visibility online; and provide journal editors with a convenient means of implementing the editorial process.

The U.P. Diliman Journals Online or UPDJO is a project managed by the Research Dissemination and Utilization Office of the Office of the Vice-Chancellor for Research and Development (RDUO-OVCRD) at U.P. Diliman. For inquiries, comments, and suggestions, please contact RDUO-OVCRD at (+63 2) 436-8720, (+63 2) 9272568 or at rduo.ovcrd @

The following are the journals online:

1. Diliman Review is one of the refereed journals of the College of Arts and Letters, the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy and the College of Science, University of the Philippines, Diliman.Diliman Review draws its contributors mainly from its own pool of UP scholars, creative writers and artists but also welcomes essays, creative works, reviews, forum/symposium papers from other scholars and artists.

2. Humanities Diliman is a refereed semi-annual journal for the humanities. It is multilingual and both disciplinal and multi-disciplinary. Articles on any aspect of creative and cultural work are invited. Book reviews may also be submitted.

3. The Journal of English and Comparative Literature is published twice a year by the Department of English and Comparative Literature at the University of the Philippines Diliman. It welcomes articles on language, literature and culture using various theoretical perspectives.

4. The Journal of Philippine Librarianship. All fields in the area of library and information science, such as law librarianship, health and medical librarianship, information system, archival studies, children and young adult library services, management of library and information centers, history of the book, libraries and the evolution of the profession, philosophy, ethics, core competencies, legal framework and standards in information work, new and emerging technology and services, information storage and retrieval, collection management, cataloging and classification, indexing and abstracting, thesaurus construction, reference and access, reader services, and preservation and conservation of collections.

5. Kasarinlan: Philippine Journal of Third World Studies is an internationally refereed journal published twice a year. It provides a forum for critical and interdisciplinary perspectives on the Philippines and the Third World with special reference to political economy.

6. Philippine Humanities Review (PHR) is a bilingual refereed journal of the College of Arts and Letters (CAL), University of the Philippines in Diliman, Quezon City. Managed by the Publications Program of CAL, the PHR publishes scholarly and critical works on various aspects of Philippine culture, arts and letters, as well as creative works in the broad field of the humanities.

7. Plaridel is a refereed biannual journal published by the University of the Philippines College of Mass Communication (UP CMC). Articles may focus on any aspect of communication and media. Review of a book, film, website, TV, or radio program may also be submitted.

8. The Review of Women’s Studies is a refereed journal published twice a year by the UP Center for Women's Studies, University of the Philippines.

9. Science Diliman is an internationally refereed semi-annual journal of pure and applied sciences. Results of inter-disciplinary research projects may also be submitted for publication.

10. Social Science Diliman is a refereed semi-annual journal for the social sciences. It is bilingual (English and Filipino) and both disciplinal and multidisclipinary. Articles on any aspect of the social sciences and their applications are invited. Book reviews may also be submitted.

Saturday, February 21, 2009

PLAI Resolution No. 13, series 2008


Resolution No. 13, Series 2008


WHEREAS, Article IV, Section I (Dues & Fees) of the New Bylaws, authorize the Board to increase the annual membership due to be determined by the Board;

WHEREAS, the increase aims to support the activities and programs of the Regional Councils and PLAI National;

WHEREFORE, be it resolved, as it hereby resolved to increase the annual membership dues from Php 200.00 to Php 300.00 effective January 2009.

Done this 28th day of October 2008, Manila


Attested by:


Friday, February 20, 2009

Nominations for Outstanding Professional Award

Hello colleagues in the library profession. PRC thru the PLAI invites all library associations to submit their nominations for the Outstanding Professional Award and Outstanding APO Award . In this regard, may I request being the PLAI-National VP for Luzon, that you submit your respective nominees and attached the necessary documents i.e. professional ID, passport picture, accomplishments/ awards/NBI /Ombudsman clearance if govt. employee, etc.

The deadline for submission will be on March 12, 09 to the PLAI Headquarters, TNL, Manila.

Nora Claravall

This was lifted from the for wider dissemination of information. - The Moderator

Tuesday, February 17, 2009

Are the Print Versions of Encyclopedias Still Needed? Part 4

By Dr. Enrique T. Cayaban
Director of Libraries
Saint Mary's University
Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

It was also predicted in the 70’s, gained grounds in the 80’s, that books and other media using papers would have been vanished by year 2000. The reason—the digital revolution will scorch the paper into limbo. This was the message of the many authors who predicted the death of the paper, one of whom is Marshall McLuhan, author of the popular book “ The Medium is the Message”. What was ironic was that McLuhan wrote and preached the end of the printed world by using the print as his most potent medium.

But what happened? Today the demand for papers increased so much that it has become a major source of human waste. The computer which was predicted to take over the paper needed printers to produce reading materials which are now called hard copies instead of paper copies.

The same idea about the death of printed newspapers was presents in the editorial of Manila Times dated December 26, 2006. It stated that:

“The empty sidewalks reminded us of the media experts and techies who are predicting the death of the newspaper. They forecast a day when the dailies will become irrelevant. People will not even miss the printed news … Things could get worse for the papers . . .The forecast is grim: the end is approaching.”

The editorial also touches on books and it says:

“The experts said the same thing about books. More books will be available in the CD ROM. The information highway is littered with books. People will prefer talking books. The libraries of the future will no longer house the traditional volumes but CDs and tapes.

The editorial, however, poignantly points out that books, libraries and of, course, newspapers, are here to stay. Emotively, it says:

Books have not become extinct, thank God. The library will make concessions to technology but readers prefer to take out the traditional book and read the printed word. The bookstores are busy. People prefer to curl up with a book rather than with a squarish or rounded version. . .Newspapers, like books, will survive. They do not have the sound bite of TV, the immediacy of radio or the whiz of the Internet but they offer solid news, news stories with nuance and context, and news analyses that make sense of events. They make readers pause, reflect and consider.”

The editorial has summed up in a more beautiful way what I really believe in: the printed word will never become extinct despite of the world becoming more and more digital. However, it is firmly hoped that both the printed and online editions will co-exist together, for each has its own strengths.

Visionary as it is, St. Mary’s University will surely continue to acquire the printed resources, the non-print, as well as, the electronic resources. For, when a library adds electronic resources and the Internet , both librarians and patrons have an easier access to a wealth of convenient information, but the other printed resources in the collection continue to be useful, functional, valuable and time-honored contributors of knowledge, learning and wisdom.

Although there are advantages and disadvantages of both formats—electronic/digital and print versions, the library has to update these collections. A library which does not purchase new editions will soon have a library typecast as “Jurassic park.” On the other hand, “a library which does not weed its collection will soon have a library of weeds”.

Monday, February 16, 2009

Ortigas Center Library Consortium Seminar on March 6, 2009

Ortigas Center Library Consortium (OCLC) Inc.
Ortigas, Pasig City

February 16, 2009

Dear Friends and Colleagues:

The Ortigas Center Library Consortium (OCLC) Inc. in cooperation with Ortigas Foundation Library would like to invite you to a forum on "Abstracting Theses, Feasibility Studies, Scientific Studies and Seminar Papers: The Easy Way" on March 6, 2009 from 1:00–5:00 p.m. It will be held at the Ortigas Foundation Library.

The forum has the following objectives:
o To know what an abstracting is, its types and benefits
o To know the parts of an abstract
o To learn the techniques in abstracting feasibility studies, scientific studies and seminar papers.

Non-members will be charged P200, members P150, and college students P 100.00. The forum fee is inclusive of snacks and certificates.

For inquiries and reservations, please contact the following:
Ms. Lesil Lorete M. Tindoc and Dr. Angelina P. Resurreccion at
telephone no. 534-8267 loc.129, or email us at:
angelina_resurrecci on@yahoo. com and eagle_llmt@yahoo. com.

We will be grateful if you can post a copy of this invitation on your bulletin board, and share this information with other librarians and friends.

Looking forward for your participation.

Thank you very much.

Yours truly,

Vice-President and Conference Chair

Noted by:


Thursday, February 12, 2009

ASLP Forum on March 4, 2009 at NEDA Bldg, Pasig City

The National Library
Rm. 301, T.M. Kalaw St., Ermita, Manila 1000
Tel.: 523-0068

29 January 2009

Dear Colleague:

The Association of Special Libraries of the Philippines invites you to a forum entitled "All About a Hyper Librarian" on March 4, 2009, Wednesday, 1-5 P.M. at the National Economic and Development Authority, G/F DIOC, NEDA Pasig Bldg., Josemaria Escriva Drive, Pasig City.

Ms. Fe Abelardo, Chief of Reference Division, National Library will be the resource person.

The objectives of the forum are the following:
1. To understand the role of the librarian as a model of the future;
2. To empower/harness the potentials of the librarian in pursuit of excellence and quality service; and
3. To build an image of the librarian as an information professional

The topics are the following:
a. Librarians of yesterday, today and the future
b. Capability and capacity building
c. Understanding/ determining a "Superstar" performance
d. Social responsibilities of an information provider

Librarians, library administrators, information specialists, teachers and students of Library and Information Science and other library personnel are invited to attend this half-day forum.

The forum fees are as follows: P150.00 for non-members, P100.00 for members
and P50.00 for students.

For reservation and further inquiries, kindly contact the following:

Edita M.Dumo (NEDA) Tel. No. 631-3757 Fax: 631-3282
Wilhelmina D.P. Lopez Tel. No. 890-4721/890- 4660
Ma. Luisa Madlangbayan Tel. No. 734-3971 loc. 115
Edeliza C. Gallo Tel. No. 924-2413

We look forward to seeing you at the forum.

Thank you.

Sincerely yours,

Wilhelmina D. P. Lopez

Noted by:

Edita M. Dumo

Vice-President/Conference Chair

Wednesday, February 11, 2009

PLAI National Capital Region Librarians Council Forum on March 6, 2009 at The National Library

Philippine Librarians Association, Inc.
National Capital Region Librarians Council

February 11, 2009

To all our dear colleagues in the library profession:

PLAI-NCR Librarians' Council is pleased to invite everyone to the First PLAI-NCRLC Forum entitled: CPE: Issues and Concerns. Chairman Nera and the other BFL members have accepted our invitation to be the resource persons. Those who will renew their professional ID's this year and onwards will gain more insights about the implementation of the Continuing Program of Education (CPE) as a requirement for renewal of professional licenses.

The forum will be held on March 6, 2009 at 8:00-12:00 noon in the TNL Auditorium. A fee of P200.00 will be charged for certificates and snacks.

Those interested may get in touch with the following:
Lily Echeverri ( 09282120973) ;
Jo Ladlad (09178989237); and
Nora Claravall (092784170 48)

Please pass this on to others . . . .

PLAI-NCR Librarians Council

Saturday, February 7, 2009

Alitaptap Storytellers Philippines, Inc. Workshop on Feb. 21-22, 2009

The National Library of the Philippines
in partnership with
Alitaptap Storytellers Philippines

The Alitaptap Storytellers Philippines, Inc. will conduct an Acting and Reading Techniques in Story Telling (ARTIST) Workshop on February 21-22 2009 (Saturday and Sunday) from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm at the Executive Lounge, 6th Floor, The National Library of the Philippines, T. M. Kalaw Ave. , Ermita, Manila , Philippines

A two-day hands-on workshop that allows you to watch other storytellers demonstrate their favorite stories. Find out what stories are interesting to tell, learn different techniques in making storytelling fun to children, learn exercises that can be given to children to develop storytellers.

Workshop Fee: Php. 500 (Plus P65 for your take-home storybook) for confirmation and more details, please contact 0917.539.2630 or Email us at alitaptap_storytellers@yahoo. com


Mga kuwentong kaibig-ibig
Masasayang tining.
Tayo na't Makinig!!

Alitaptap Storytellers Philippines, Inc. (ASPI) Founded on February 25, 1999 at Museo Pambata ng Maynila, ASPI is a guild of volunteer storytellers whose mission is to instill among children the love of reading and the appreciation of children’s literature through the art of storytelling.

We also offer storytelling workshop and performances for out-of-town sessions at very affordable costs.

Friday, February 6, 2009

Ang Laybrarian sa Kasalukuyang Panahon

Ni Roderick Ramos
Ikalawang Bahagi ng Ikalawang Serye

Pagiging reflektibo, kritikal at otentikong pagkaranas ang maaring idulot sa mga laybraryan ang pagkakaroon ng mga handang portfolio bilang durungawan o batayan ng mga serbisyong ihahandog ng laybrari kaakibat ang masusing ebalwasyon lalung-lalo na ng mga tumatangkilik dito. Halimbawa, maaaring isa itong pag-aanunsiyo at pagtawag ng sampung masugid na mambabasa upang makiisa bilang lupon na mangangatwiran, magbibigay ng puna o marka sa anumang programa ng laybrari gamit at isinasaalang- alang ang apat na mahahalagang proseso – koleksyon, organisasyon, refleksyon, at presentasyon (Wyatt III and Looper, 2004).

Lubhang napakahalaga dito ang pakikipagtalakayan at paglilista ng mga datos sa ikagaganda ng portfolio at ikalalago ng laybraryan bilang tagaplano. Tinutulungan ng lupon ang laybraryan sa kanyang pansariling repleksyon upang makabuo ng isang mabuting portfolio – alternativong asesment at may kalidad na pamamaraan - ng mga isasakatuparang mga gawain ng laybrari.

Nasasalamin sa portfolio ang pilosopiya, lalim ng pananaliksik, karanasang may interaksyon, piling mga aktividades, mga layunin ng laybraryan bilang isang propesyunal na individuwal na ang nais ay ang matagumpay na laybrari para sa kanyang komunidad na pinaglilingkuran.

Una sa lahat, malaya ang laybraryan sa anumang komposisyon o laman mayroon ang kanyang portfolio salik dito ang kanyang kakaibang gamit ng imahinasyon at pagkamalikhain kasama ng mga ebidensya, materyales o artifacts ng mga naganap, ginagaganap at ihahain pa lamang. Kakaiba ang portfolio ng isang espesyalista tulad ng laybraryan kumpara sa mga popular na nalalaman - elektroniko man o hindi – sapagkat ito ay hypermedia, may onlayn at tradisyunal na pagmumulan.

Pangalawa, pinakamainam na matanto ng laybraryan kung kahanga-hanga o hindi kaiga-igaya ang gamit niyang refleksyon sa ebidensya, materyales o artifacts ng mga naganap, ginagaganap at ihahain pa lamang ng kanyang portfolio. Kinakailangang pagtuunan ng pansin at balikan ang pinakadahilan kung bakit isinasailalim ang sarili sa paghahanda ng isang portfolio. Ito ay ang ikagalak ng puso ang katagumpayang natamo at magamit ito bilang inspirasyon o batayan para sa pagpaplano sa hinaharap. Matatagpuan sa portfolio ng laybraryan ang kahapon, ngayon at bukas ng isang laybari ng kasalukuyang panahon.

Thursday, February 5, 2009

Are the Print Versions of Encyclopedias Still Needed? Part 3

By Dr. Enrique T. Cayaban
Director of Libraries
Saint Mary's University
Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

Reference Sections, has dropped considerably, conspicuously and consistently since computers came of age. Our University Library has not been spared from this hard reality. Based on my observation and library statistics, the attendance in our library decreased steadily since the early 90s. This trend is still continuing in most parts of the world. A very recent study (2006), about students in a college, reveals this one significant finding (this is from a thesis donated to the SMU library):

“Very few students use the library. In general they do not find using the library resources as necessary in their studies. They can go on with their schooling without Book Loans. Using the library has not become a culture in their college students’ academic life. This is equally true for students regardless of college enrolled in, academic year, sex, and residence while studying, house staying in while studying, house staying in while studying and academic classification.”

These are colleges students, indeed! The study also revealed that more than 60% of these college students are non– library users. A grim scenario for academic libraries in the country.

It is however, gratifying to note that in out university the trend has slowed down - the percentage of attendance has painstakingly increased from 8% in 1996 to 13% in 2005. We hope we could maintain and sustain this increase in library attendance and library use, at least, here at St. Mary’s University.

Answering the above question, indeed, is no mean feat nowadays. But the answer is a resounding YES! In spite of the $100 price of the newest (2007) and sleekest PC now being marketed in the USA, there are more people who prefer the hard copies, not the soft copies, of reading materials. Many prefer the soft touch of paper as one flips the pages not the cold and glaring brightness of the PC monitor. Many prefer to ponder and savor the meaning of what has been read while the book lies on their laps; or, even sleep with that new found profound meaning of a line not worrying that the computer might overheat or about the cost of spent electric current. Consider one finding of the most recent study on print and digital versions found below:

Even though users are increasingly demanding electronic resources, more than half of the librarians surveyed disagree that electronic resources make print unnecessary or that electronic resources replace print. Further, almost half disagree that the library's materials will be primarily electronic in 5 years. Most do agree, however, that electronic resources diminish the use of print resources. The top reason librarians say print is still necessary is that in many cases print is preferred by users. Users often prefer print because it is easier to handle, easier to read, and it has better graphics. Surprisingly, given their previous answers, less than a third of librarians listed "ensured archiving" as a reason that print is still necessary.

…electronic publications incur costs that are not present with print publications, including hosting costs (for the servers, storage space, etc), access control costs, customer support costs, subscription management systems, providing usage statistics … . (

The above is an epic reason of using the print medium. It is a truth that reading the encyclopedia is needed, more cost effective than the much “ big talk” or bragged - about commercial on cheaper value of using the digital medium. Moreover, it has become difficult to choose from the “hit” that the search engine gives. While in the printed encyclopedia, one can delve into the finer points of a research question or problem right after having read the necessary background information. One can immediately refine a cross reference search which cannot be done in the internet or even the latest wikipedias.

With the above reason alone, I do believe that the print version of encyclopedias and their latest editions are a worthwhile library investment.

Another contention about electronic formats is that they offer the advantages over print in graphics, sound and animations. Sound and animation, perhaps, but not graphics! However, there are also people, kids and adults alike, who don’t like to be disturbed by sounds or animations when reading – styles of learning experts will tell you these.

Try also to consider these sentiments:

Funny... I was going to just answer, "yes and yes" but it appears I was beaten to that answer; so, I do still own a more recent hardcover set of encyclopedia's. I got them for my children about three years ago. Even if we can use the computer for research, we all are in the habit of using them in an almost daily basis.

Yes, I grew up in a house with 3 sets of encyclopedia. One that I always remember being there and two that were inherited from grandparents. I bought my own first set of encyclopedias 17 years ago when I found out I was pregnant with my oldest child - she still has them and I make sure that she uses them for her school work, along with her computer and the local library. I assume that she will take them with her to college and we will need to purchase another set (several more kids you know). I have to say, it is the best purchase I couldn't afford! Also, I have dibs (?) on the very antique sets of encyclopedias that my parents still have on the shelves in their home.

Wednesday, February 4, 2009

The Star Circle: The Quality Circle of Librarians

By David A. Cabonero


Quality Circle is being introduced in our school. We are all encouraged to form our own quality circle having a distinct name. In our library, it is composed of two groups namely:

1) The “Star Circle,” composed of librarians who were not given teaching load in Library and Information Science subjects and library support staff, however, the part-time librarians are considered as honorary members. Their main concern is the effective and efficient management of the library operation in the university.

2) The “Library Science Quest Circle,” composed of teachers in library and information science both the graduate and undergraduate courses. Their main concern is on the effective and efficient delivery of teaching and learning in the classroom, the continuous upgrading of the courses and syllabi to meet quality education of future Marian librarians.

The leader is not confined to one individual person rather we prefer volunteer to chair a certain problem to solve and serve as the leader in that aspect alone. This will give a chance for the others to show their creativity and exercise their critical minds in deciding and solving thus making them feel that they are also an important key-player in the institution.

Quality circle is a group of employees who perform similar duties and meet at periodic intervals, often with management, to discuss work-related issues and to offer suggestions and ideas for improvements, as in production methods or quality control (

In Wikipedia, “A quality circle is a volunteer group composed of workers (or even students) who meet to talk about workplace improvement, and make presentations to management with their ideas, especially relating to quality of output in order to improve the performance of the organization, and motivate and enrich the work of employees. Typical topics are improving occupational safety and health, improving product design, and improvement in manufacturing process. The ideal size of a quality circle is from eight to ten members.”

Quality circle is one of the employee participation methods. It implies the development of skills, capabilities, confidence and creativity of the people through cumulative process of education, training, work experience and participation. It also implies the creation of facilitative conditions and environment of work, which creates and sustains their motivation and commitment towards work excellence. Quality Circles have emerged as a mechanism to develop and utilize the tremendous potential of people for improvement in product quality and productivity (

Quality circle is a small group consisting of 6 to 12 employees doing similar work in the same company who voluntarily meet together on a regular basis to identify and solve their problems, using several problem-solving techniques which eventually lead to address work-related. It is "a way of innovating and transforming the people in the organization to become self-motivated in the attainment of the organization’s objectives."

The Logical Decision-Making Technique Applied in Star Circle

The logical decision-making technique has two parts: 1) the steps for making the decision; and 2) the steps for implementing the decision (Stueart, 1998).

1. Steps for Making the Decision

1.1. Identify the problem as it seems.

1.2. Seek the facts

1.3. Identify the real problem

1.4. Generate alternative solutions to the problem

1.5. Assess the alternative solutions

1.6. Decide on the best solution

2. Steps for Implementing the Decision

2.1. Determine the course of action

2.2. Implement the course of action

2.3. Evaluate the outcome of the decision

Star Circle on the Move. It is no doubt that all or any divisions of an institution or a company are challenged by unforeseen problems and the advent of fast changing information technology which needs a collaborative decision to solve.

Problems in the Library. Problems came from the feedback of frequent library users (faculty and students), through the comments or suggestions dropped at the suggestion boxes in the university, and the evaluation or feedback form usually filled up by visitors. The following were identified problems that needs to be addressed:

1. technical and mechanical preparation of library materials;

2. library automation; and

3. delivery of library services.

Benchmarking in the Library. Each problem has a unique characteristics and things to consider thus, we use different techniques in solving different types of problems. In order to solve the above problems, the librarians visited some prestigious libraries in Manila such as DLSU, CEU, San Beda, Lyceum of the Philippines University, and Sta. Isabel College.

Pictorials During the Library Visitation

Tuesday, February 3, 2009

Acceptance of the PAARL Award

January 30, 2009
Ike T. Cayaban

I graciously accept this award. This early, it has given me and my family untold happiness. This award is primarily for them.

This national award is the first to be bestowed to a librarian in the province of Nueva Vizcaya and the Cagayan Valley Region. It is, therefore, a testimony that librarianship is thriving very well in the country side, in the provinces of our country. The libraries and the librarians in these places are painstakingly thriving in spite of their not being as blessed, as provided for and as valuable as those in Manila and the metropolis. I, therefore, dedicate this award to the librarians, teacher-librarians (licensed or not) and the libraries in the different regions of the country. important

Without the presence of PAARL, the pervading sense of inadequacy and insignificance among many Filipino librarians will go on unabated; without PAARL, the Filipino librarians’ self-images will persistently be negative and self-effacing; and, without PAARL their sense of insecurity will continue to persevere especially now that the world economy is turning for the worse in all walks of life. But because of the highly enriching and value-filled activities of PAARL, such as this, many of us, librarians, overwhelm these sense of insignificance and insecurity into a deep sense of fulfillment. This award, coming from fellow academic and research librarians becomes doubly meaningful.

I sincerely thank Mrs. Fe Verzosa who peered through my records and nominated me for this award. I thank you Madam Fe for seeing in my records that a librarian in the province, who is not as prominent as the others, have a heart of a committed librarian working hard in his humble and reticent way to making librarianship a respectable profession and the library as a dignified workplace.

I am sure, however, that Ms. Verzosa missed my name as an early member of PAARL. I became a member in the late ‘70’s. Unfortunately, my name was misspelled – the secretary’s favorite newscaster might have been KABAYAN Noli de Castro because the two/three newsletters I received then carried Cabayan as my family name. That’s the reason I never renewed my personal membership but resorted much later to institutional membership.

I thank the present Executive Board of PAARL, the awards committee headed by Sr. Ignatius Tal Placido, the officers, Ms. Loreto Garcia, the President, Ms. Elvie Lapuz, the Vice-President, Mr. Cris Paras, the Secretary and the other officers of PAARL for searching far and wide to bestow recognition to librarians who are committed, creative and real disciples of this discipline. I am deeply honored, thus, I also dedicate this award to all members of PAARL and to my school, St. Mary’s University, for providing an atmosphere for the librarians to exercise their profession; and the library staff whose enthusiasm and devotion have made our Library not only an enjoyable place but a good avenue for learning, and a place of knowing and valuing one another. By the way, most of the SMU library staff are with me today.

Without the lady, however, who brought me into the main stream of Philippine librarianship, without her coming all the way to Nueva Vizcaya to remind professional librarians to register; and, without doing the leg work, herself, at the PRC offices, I would not have been here today. I thank this lady, Mrs. Susima Gonzales.

When I have collected my mind on this award, I thought this would be the opportune time to relay to you the many thoughts, the questions and advocacies that I have firmed up. I wonder, for instance,
 While you are thinking about digital, virtual libraries and organizing the internet, many libraries and librarians are still in extreme poverty both in physical resources and human resources;
 why some of the best librarians, some of the best minds in the profession, some officers, the luminaries who are look up to in the field radiate lights that hurt us, the glow that they emit dampen and even downgrade us, librarians in the field?
 Why is there no specific law that should mandate grade & high schools in the country to have their own functional libraries;
 Why are we not doing anything in the charade of searching for functional school libraries when these are non existent?

But all this, my friends, my fellow librarians and workers in the profession, redound to what Ralph Waldo Emerson has said and I quote:
What lies behind us and what lies before us are tiny matters compared with what lies within us.

And what lies within us all are respectable librarians; bringing into our profession the unique combination of experiences, talents and insights. Let us therefore make the best of what we have and of what we are. Let us be a treasure to our profession and to one another.

In closing may I quote a poet who once said:
If I would have my name endure
I’ll write it in the hearts of men…

PAARL and the people who brought me here, you are written in my heart.

Thank you and good day.

Monday, February 2, 2009

2008 PAARL Awarding Ceremony

Congratulations to the 2008 PAARL Awardees!!!

Dr. Enrique T. Cayaban, 2008 Outstanding Academic Librarian in Luzon

Keep up the good work, sir.
May I quote my short chat with Betsie
dated Jan. 16, 2009 at 2:55 PM
Betsie(2:09 PM): wow. pls extend my warm congratulations to sir Ike
Betsie(2:10 PM): he deserves that award. he has been an inspiration to all of us
Betsie(2:10 PM): magkano nba sir ang paarl membership?
Betsie(2:10 PM): after the consal i lost track of paarl
David(2:54 PM): hi, Php 200 na mam

Sunday, February 1, 2009

Standard Number of Periodicals

By David A. Cabonero
Periodicals Librarian
Saint Mary's University
Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

The library is considered as one of the pillars or foundations in achieving quality education because it supports the curricula of the school, college or university. To attain quality education, the library should go beyond the prescribed library standards of the following: 1) the Commission on Higher Education (CHED); 2) the Department of Education (DEPED); 3) the accrediting agencies such as the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities (PAASCU), Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities Commission on Accreditation (PACU-COA), etc.; and 4) the professional organizations such as the Philippine Librarians Association, Inc (PLAI), Philippine Association of Academic and Research Librarians (PAARL), Agricultural Libraries Association of the Philippines (ALAP), etc. The Philippine government recognizes these library standards for the educational institutions to follow in order to be able to provide quality education to students.

A very good source of first hand information are the so called serials. These refer to publications, in any medium, issued in successive parts and intended to be continued indefinitely. This definition includes periodicals, magazines, journals, newspapers, annual (reports, yearbooks, directories, etc.), bulletins, and series. They provide comprehensive collection of recent information, developments, trends and issues in any field of specialization

There are categories of serials and one is called periodicals. These are publications that are published periodically such as weekly, monthly quarterly or annually. In the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules 2nd edition 2004 revision, the term “serials” or “periodicals” was changed into “continuing resources.” These information sources has four types namely: 1) journals; 2) magazines; 3) newsletters / bulletins; and 4) newspapers.

Periodicals are undoubtedly a necessity in any educational institution because they contain the most recent and relevant information for learning, teaching and research needs of students, faculty and researchers. They are great sources of new truths, ideas, facts, discoveries, researches, inventions and others for classroom purposes. Relying on these sources, printed or electronic in nature, could greatly improve the quality of education in the school.

It has long been recognized by the government the importance of these periodicals in education. This can be observed in any library standards as an integral part in attaining a high caliber of education in the country.

PAARL standards on periodicals suggest the following: 1) at least three (3) titles of periodicals for the undergraduate; 2) at least six (6) titles of periodicals for the masters degree; and 3) at least ten (10) titles of periodicals for the doctorate degree per major while the CHED standards on periodicals in general prescribed a minimum of three (3) titles of periodical subscriptions: two (2) titles should be professional journal and one (1) could be technical or local journal or magazine.

Below is the CHED standard on periodicals per course program:

Course Programs

Standard Number of Periodicals

Agricultural Education

CMO # 34 s. 1998

At least 2 technical journals and major agricultural subjects

Agriculture Engineering

CMO # 4 s. 2001

At least 2 technical journals


CMO 39, s. 2006

At least 2 international and 2 local appropriate professional publication


CMO 30, s. 2006

At least 2 international and 2 local appropriate professional publication


CMO 22, s 2006

Maintain professional and research journals

Business and Management Education

CMO # 19 s. 1998

CMO # 27 s. 2001

At least 2 local and 2 foreign journals

Criminology Education

CMO # 42 s. 1998

A substantial number of appropriate professional publications

Dental Education

CMO # 6 s. 1998

At least 10 titles of international journals

Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

CMO # 37 s. 1998

At least 15 scientific journals with at least one in each field described in the CMO

Doctor's Program in Theology and Religious Education in Catholic Higher Education Institutions and Seminaries

CMO 13,s 2007

Library requirements for undergraduate programs shall be coupled with at least 3 professional journals per one hundred students in the discipline

Fisheries Program

CMO # 4 s. 2001

At least 3 technical journal titles

Graduate Catholic Theological and Religious Education-Master's Program

CMO # 12, s. 2007

Library requirements for undergraduate programs shall be coupled with at least two peer reviewed professional journals or internationally-refereed journals

Graduate Education

CMO # 36 s. 1998

Requirements for undergraduate programs shall be coupled with a subscription of at least 2 peer reviewed professional journals or internationally refereed journals

Graduate Programs in Education for Teachers and other Education Professionals

CMO 53, s 2007

In addition to the library requirements for the undergraduate teacher education programs there should be at least 5 peer reviewed professional journals for each area of specialization offered in the graduate programs

Humanities, Social Sciences, and Communication

At least 1 subscription to 10 different magazine titles for each of the different disciplines

IT Education

At least 2 international journals/magazines and 1 local magazine.

Interior Design Education

At least 2 local and 2 foreign journals

Maritime Education

CMO # 51 s. 1997

At least 5 professional or international publications

Medical Technology

CMO # 8 s. 1998

At least 2 international journals and 2 local journals

Medical Education

CMO # 6 s. 1996

* 4 titles in the sciences of Pathology, Pharmacology, Physiology, and Biochemistry

* 1 each of the major clinical disciplines of IM, Pediatrics, Surgery, and Obstetrics-Gynecology or its equivalent.

Midwifery Education

CMO # 54 s. 1997

CMO # 36 s. 2000

Adequate journals

Nutrition and Dietetics Education

CMO # 35. 1998

At least 5 professional publications

Pharmacy Education

CMO # 9 s. 1998

Adequate subscription to scientific journals

Physical Therapy/ Occupational Therapy Education

CMO # 7 s. 1998

Adequate number of scientific journals and periodicals and at least 1 international journal

Radiologic Technology Education

There shall be a subscription to radiological journals, periodicals, and relevant scientific publications.

Teacher Education

CMO # 11. 1999

At least 2 local and 2 foreign journals

Source: Sarmiento, Ulpiano P (2005). Manual of Regulations for Private Schools: Annotated