Sunday, February 1, 2009

Standard Number of Periodicals

By David A. Cabonero
Periodicals Librarian
Saint Mary's University
Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

The library is considered as one of the pillars or foundations in achieving quality education because it supports the curricula of the school, college or university. To attain quality education, the library should go beyond the prescribed library standards of the following: 1) the Commission on Higher Education (CHED); 2) the Department of Education (DEPED); 3) the accrediting agencies such as the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities (PAASCU), Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities Commission on Accreditation (PACU-COA), etc.; and 4) the professional organizations such as the Philippine Librarians Association, Inc (PLAI), Philippine Association of Academic and Research Librarians (PAARL), Agricultural Libraries Association of the Philippines (ALAP), etc. The Philippine government recognizes these library standards for the educational institutions to follow in order to be able to provide quality education to students.

A very good source of first hand information are the so called serials. These refer to publications, in any medium, issued in successive parts and intended to be continued indefinitely. This definition includes periodicals, magazines, journals, newspapers, annual (reports, yearbooks, directories, etc.), bulletins, and series. They provide comprehensive collection of recent information, developments, trends and issues in any field of specialization

There are categories of serials and one is called periodicals. These are publications that are published periodically such as weekly, monthly quarterly or annually. In the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules 2nd edition 2004 revision, the term “serials” or “periodicals” was changed into “continuing resources.” These information sources has four types namely: 1) journals; 2) magazines; 3) newsletters / bulletins; and 4) newspapers.

Periodicals are undoubtedly a necessity in any educational institution because they contain the most recent and relevant information for learning, teaching and research needs of students, faculty and researchers. They are great sources of new truths, ideas, facts, discoveries, researches, inventions and others for classroom purposes. Relying on these sources, printed or electronic in nature, could greatly improve the quality of education in the school.

It has long been recognized by the government the importance of these periodicals in education. This can be observed in any library standards as an integral part in attaining a high caliber of education in the country.

PAARL standards on periodicals suggest the following: 1) at least three (3) titles of periodicals for the undergraduate; 2) at least six (6) titles of periodicals for the masters degree; and 3) at least ten (10) titles of periodicals for the doctorate degree per major while the CHED standards on periodicals in general prescribed a minimum of three (3) titles of periodical subscriptions: two (2) titles should be professional journal and one (1) could be technical or local journal or magazine.

Below is the CHED standard on periodicals per course program:

Course Programs

Standard Number of Periodicals

Agricultural Education

CMO # 34 s. 1998

At least 2 technical journals and major agricultural subjects

Agriculture Engineering

CMO # 4 s. 2001

At least 2 technical journals


CMO 39, s. 2006

At least 2 international and 2 local appropriate professional publication


CMO 30, s. 2006

At least 2 international and 2 local appropriate professional publication


CMO 22, s 2006

Maintain professional and research journals

Business and Management Education

CMO # 19 s. 1998

CMO # 27 s. 2001

At least 2 local and 2 foreign journals

Criminology Education

CMO # 42 s. 1998

A substantial number of appropriate professional publications

Dental Education

CMO # 6 s. 1998

At least 10 titles of international journals

Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

CMO # 37 s. 1998

At least 15 scientific journals with at least one in each field described in the CMO

Doctor's Program in Theology and Religious Education in Catholic Higher Education Institutions and Seminaries

CMO 13,s 2007

Library requirements for undergraduate programs shall be coupled with at least 3 professional journals per one hundred students in the discipline

Fisheries Program

CMO # 4 s. 2001

At least 3 technical journal titles

Graduate Catholic Theological and Religious Education-Master's Program

CMO # 12, s. 2007

Library requirements for undergraduate programs shall be coupled with at least two peer reviewed professional journals or internationally-refereed journals

Graduate Education

CMO # 36 s. 1998

Requirements for undergraduate programs shall be coupled with a subscription of at least 2 peer reviewed professional journals or internationally refereed journals

Graduate Programs in Education for Teachers and other Education Professionals

CMO 53, s 2007

In addition to the library requirements for the undergraduate teacher education programs there should be at least 5 peer reviewed professional journals for each area of specialization offered in the graduate programs

Humanities, Social Sciences, and Communication

At least 1 subscription to 10 different magazine titles for each of the different disciplines

IT Education

At least 2 international journals/magazines and 1 local magazine.

Interior Design Education

At least 2 local and 2 foreign journals

Maritime Education

CMO # 51 s. 1997

At least 5 professional or international publications

Medical Technology

CMO # 8 s. 1998

At least 2 international journals and 2 local journals

Medical Education

CMO # 6 s. 1996

* 4 titles in the sciences of Pathology, Pharmacology, Physiology, and Biochemistry

* 1 each of the major clinical disciplines of IM, Pediatrics, Surgery, and Obstetrics-Gynecology or its equivalent.

Midwifery Education

CMO # 54 s. 1997

CMO # 36 s. 2000

Adequate journals

Nutrition and Dietetics Education

CMO # 35. 1998

At least 5 professional publications

Pharmacy Education

CMO # 9 s. 1998

Adequate subscription to scientific journals

Physical Therapy/ Occupational Therapy Education

CMO # 7 s. 1998

Adequate number of scientific journals and periodicals and at least 1 international journal

Radiologic Technology Education

There shall be a subscription to radiological journals, periodicals, and relevant scientific publications.

Teacher Education

CMO # 11. 1999

At least 2 local and 2 foreign journals

Source: Sarmiento, Ulpiano P (2005). Manual of Regulations for Private Schools: Annotated

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